Produced by the Public Health Agency of Canada, in collaboration with Health Canada and Safe Kids Canada.
The Injury and Child Maltreatment Section manages national surveillance programs for child health including unintentional injury. Collaboration with partners, such as those below, supports injury-related research and provides information on injuries and their risk factors for evidence-based injury and safety promotion.
For more information on the Injury and Child Maltreatment Section, please visit: Public Health Agency of Canada
Current injury surveillance data is available from the Injury Surveillance On-Line (ISOL) Website which hosts Canadian injury statistics. Users can customize their queries by province and territory, by age group, and over time. Please visit: Injury Surveillance On-Line
Consumer Product Safety helps protect the Canadian public by researching, assessing and collaborating in the management of the health risks and safety hazards associated with the many consumer and cosmetic products that Canadians use every day.
Consumer Product Safety is actively involved in injury prevention through promoting safety and the safe use of products to consumers, providing industry with hazard and technical information, and enforcing legislation by conducting investigations and inspections, and initiating corrective action.
For more information: Please visit the Consumer Product Safety Website
For a listing of Consumer Product Recalls
To report a consumer complaint, or if you have an inquiry, please contact: 1-866-662-0666 or 613 952-1014 or by email CPS-SPC@hc-sc.gc.ca
Serious childhood injuries can be prevented. Safe Kids Canada collaborates with partners across the country to conduct research, raise awareness, educate families, and advocate for safer environments to protect children from injury. As a national leader, Safe Kids Canada promotes effective strategies to prevent unintentional injuries. By building partnerships and using a comprehensive approach, Safe Kids Canada advances safety and reduces the burden of injury to Canada's children and youth.
Call 1-888-SAFE-TIP (723-3847) or visit safekidscanada.ca
Safe Kids Canada is the national injury prevention program of The Hospital for Sick Children. It is generously funded by corporate sponsors who support the goal of keeping kids safe. Safe Kids Canada is part of Safe Kids Worldwide, a global movement to prevent childhood injury.
I am pleased to introduce Child and Youth Injury in Review, 2009 Edition - Spotlight on Consumer Product Safety. This report presents national surveillance and prevention information on unintentional injuries to children and youth in Canada, with a focus on some important consumer product-related injuries. The document is a collaborative effort of the Public Health Agency of Canada, Health Canada and Safe Kids Canada.
Child and youth injuries are a major public health challenge for Canada. While the rates of death and hospitalization due to unintentional injury have declined considerably over the past two decades, there is more work to be done. We hope that this report will contribute to effective injury prevention and safety promotion policies, programs and activities for Canada's children and youth.
This report also contains important information and tips for parents, caregivers, and anyone interested in helping to prevent injury among children and youth.
Dr. David Butler-Jones
Chief Public Health Officer
Public Health Agency of Canada
Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death for Canadian children and youth from one to 19 years of ageFootnote 1. Infants under one year are excluded from this statistic due to distinct patterns of mortality for this age group. The most common cause of death for infants under one year is immaturity, followed by congenital anomaliesFootnote 2; however, injury-related deaths among infants are also of concern. In 2005, a total of 720 Canadians under the age of 20 years died as a result of injuryFootnote 3. Furthermore, there were 29,142 injury hospitalizations for this age group in the year spanning 2005/06. Injuries were the third leading cause of hospitalizations among all children and youth, behind respiratory and digestive diseaseFootnote 4. Many non-fatal injuries result in impairments and disabilities such as blindness, spinal cord injury and intellectual deficit due to brain injury. The economic burden of unintentional and intentional injuries combined, for Canadians of all ages in 2004, is estimated to be $19.7 billion per year, including both direct and indirect costsFootnote 5.
This report, Child and Youth Injury in Review is presented in two parts. Injury Overview contains information based on Public Health Agency of Canada analysis of the most current national data available from Statistics Canada (mortality data, 2005) and the Canadian Institute for Health Information (hospitalization data, 2005/06). Deaths and hospitalizations from injury and poisoning are assigned an external cause of injury code based on the Tenth Revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10)Footnote 6. For the purposes of this report, only unintentional data were analyzed. The following external cause of injury code groupings were used:
Motor vehicle traffic (MVT-All): Collisions occurring on a public highway or street, which can be further subdivided into:
Information on emergency department visits collected through the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) will also be presented. Analysis focuses primarily on Canadians 19 years of age and younger.
The second half of the report, Spotlight on Consumer Product Safety, increases the resolution of the information using the high level of detail from CHIRPP, related to consumer products. The CHIRPP injury reports and profiles are generally descriptive in nature and provide preliminary data for hypothesis generation and further study. Safe Kids Canada is raising awareness of consumer product safety for children by focusing on this topic in their 2009 Safe Kids Week campaign. Opportunities for action from a consumer perspective, as well as regulatory, compliance and enforcement activities are discussed for each consumer product.
Injury prevention is a complex issue. This report will contribute to our knowledge by providing both an overview of all unintentional injuries, and detailed CHIRPP profiles focused on a specific group of injuries related to selected consumer products. Understanding the magnitude, trends and nature of injury is a critical first step on the road to a safer Canada.
See Appendix A for all external cause of injury ICD-10 groupings, and Appendix B for full details on the methodology (including abbreviations).
This report is intended to provide an overview of unintentional injuries among young Canadians, with a specific focus placed on injuries associated with consumer products in the second half of the report.
The data presented are based on Public Health Agency of Canada analysis of the most current national data available from Statistics Canada (mortality, 2005), the Canadian Institute for Health Information (hospitalizations, 2005/06) and emergency department data collected through the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP).
Collaboration with Safe Kids Canada and Health Canada provided injury prevention guidelines for consumers, as well as background on regulatory, compliance and enforcement activities underway in Canada.
CHIRPP data were analyzed to profile multiple types of consumer product-related injuries in children and youth. Details on the circumstances surrounding injuries associated with bunk beds, magnets, baby walkers and other household hazards were reported.